Treatment of azoospermia in Turkey – Pregnancy advertisements are spread everywhere, which raises feelings of anxiety when seeing them, and the person is afraid of infertility and the inability to have children, and about 12 to 13 out of every 100 couples suffer from infertility, and couples are considered sterile after about a year of Attempting to conceive through unprotected sex Up to 50 percent of these cases are attributed to male infertility and azoospermia (a complete lack of sperm in the semen) is one of several possible causes. About 1 percent of men suffer from azoospermia. This accounts for 10 to 15% of infertility cases.
Not enough sperm:
First, the sperm is formed in the testicles, and then it travels through the reproductive system, and during that it mixes with the fluid in the seminal ducts, which produces semen, “the thick, white liquid that comes out of the penis.” But with azoospermia, the fluid will not contain sperm despite the occurrence of ejaculation.
There are three types of azoospermia:
- Pre-testicular azoospermia (non-obstructive) is caused by poor production of the hormones responsible for sperm formation.
- Testicular azoospermia (non-obstructive) due to abnormalities in the function or structure of the testicles.
- Post-testicular azoospermia (obstructive) Having problems with ejaculation due to a blockage of some kind in the genital tract.
What causes the different types of azoospermia?
There are a number of possible causes for each type of azoospermia, but in general, genetic conditions affecting the Y chromosome can cause between 10 and 15 percent of cases of no or low sperm count.
This non-obstructive type occurs due to certain genetic disorders, for example Kallmann syndrome affects the body’s ability to produce gonadotropin-releasing hormone or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), which in turn affects sperm production. In addition, problems related to the brain (specifically damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland) can also cause this type of azoospermia, as can some medications or radiation therapy for cancer.
This non-obstructive type may be caused by:
- Anorexia: the absence of the testicles.
- Cryptocytosis: the failure of the testicles to drop.
- Sertoli cell-only syndrome: testicles that do not produce sperm
- Stopped spermatogenesis: testicles that do not produce mature sperm
- Klinefelter syndrome: results when a person is born with XXY chromosomes instead of XY.
Other causes include:
- Mumps infection in late adulthood
- Previous surgeries
- reactions to certain medications
It accounts for 40 percent of cases of azoospermia, and this condition occurs due to a loss of communication between two places, as in the case of the epididymis or the tubes of the vas deferens that store sperm. Congenital conditions may also cause obstruction, for example, the genetic condition “congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) where the ducts of the vas deferens that carry sperm from the testicles may be missing.
What are the symptoms of azoospermia?
It is possible that no symptoms will appear until the person fails to achieve pregnancy, otherwise the possible symptoms may include the following:
- Decreased sex drive.
- Erectile dysfunction.
- A lump, swelling, or discomfort around the testicles.
- Lack of facial or body hair.
How is azoospermia diagnosed?
The primary method for diagnosing azoospermia is the semen analysis in the laboratory. If no live sperm is observed in the semen, azoospermia is likely.
In addition, the doctor may ask questions about:
- Fertility history.
- Family history (such as cystic fibrosis or fertility problems).
- Diseases that appeared in childhood.
- Surgeries or various procedures that the patient underwent in the pelvic area or reproductive system.
- A history of infections such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- Past or current exposure to things like radiation or chemotherapy.
- Previous or current medications.
- Possible use of drugs or alcohol.
- Recent illness involving fever.
- Recent exposure to extreme heat.
Other diagnoses may include:
- Blood tests to evaluate hormone levels or genetic conditions.
- Ultrasound to visualize the scrotum and other parts of the reproductive system.
- Brain imaging to look for problems in the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.
- Biopsies to closely examine sperm production.
What is the treatment for azoospermia in Turkey?
Obstructive azoospermia is treated either by reconnecting or rebuilding the tubes or ducts that do not allow sperm to flow through surgery, and hormonal treatments and medications may help if the underlying cause is low hormone production. In the event that the above does not succeed, it is possible to resort to in vitro fertilization or sperm injection, where the doctor extracts the sperm from the testicles using a fine needle, and then injects them later.
Are there any natural remedies that can help?
The response to this type of home remedy varies from person to person. It may or may not be beneficial for some, but low sperm count responds well to some herbs and dietary changes. This is unlike the response to azoospermia, but this does not mean that taking care of the body by eating a balanced diet, and getting Getting plenty of rest, drinking enough fluids, and managing stress can’t help but consult a doctor and take medical advice for what’s best.
Things to try:
- Eat a diet full of nutrient-dense, whole foods to boost sperm production.
- Regular exercise may help boost testosterone levels.
- Try yoga or meditation to lower stress levels as cortisol (the stress hormone) can affect testosterone production.
There are some ways that sperm production can be protected in cases of azoospermia caused by things like injury or certain medications.
So you can try:
- Avoid any violent sports activities that may harm the testicles and reproductive system.
- No exposure to radiation.
- Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of medications that may affect sperm production.
- Avoid activities that may expose the testicles to high temperatures, such as saunas.
Azoospermia treatment in Turkey:
There are many reasons that are not related to sexual competence and that hinder fertility, such as the production of abnormal sperm, or the presence of a defect in its function due to genetic or pathological reasons. Exposure to specific environmental factors may lead to an imbalance in sperm production, such as pesticides and radioactive materials, in addition to some other health problems that affect fertility in general.
It is not easy to talk about these problems for most men, but is it wise to live with them!!
The medical staff of the surgical teams, doctors and consultants at the Health and Beauty Hospital can provide the best treatment options and free consultations – through their relentless pursuit of keeping abreast of the latest technologies and medical methods.